A large range
of modifications

  • Phospho-
  • Acetyl-
  • Diacetyl-
  • Monomethyl-
  • Dimethyl-
  • Trimethyl-
  • Oxidized-
  • Citrulline-

And more on request

Figure : Purification of a PTM-specific antibody

PTM program step by step

1. Antigen Design

Design and synthesis of 2 peptides (1 non-PTM + 1 harboring the PTM)

Coupling of the PTM peptide to a carrier

Immunization of the hosts using the PTM peptide following the Speedy 28-day or a classical 87-day protocol.

Various epitopes

Please note that peptides used as immunogens are typically 13 to 16 amino acids long. Knowing that the size of an epitope may be as short as 5 to 6 amino acids, one peptide may contain several epitopes, each targeted by a specific antibody.

Antibodies mixture

The immune system of a host immunized with a PTM peptide will raise antibodies specifically targeting that antigen, i.e. the PTM-harboring peptide. Some epitopes will likely be located within the peptide sequence outside the PTM, while others will encompass the PTM. As a consequence, the host serum will contain a complex mixture of polyclonal antibodies, some recognizing the PTM (in blue), some others recognizing the non-modified peptide part (in yellow)  These peptide-specific antibodies will be mixed up with antibodies targeting the protein carrier, strongly immunogenic, as well as unrelated antibodies.

The serum of the immunized host(s) is analyzed for the presence of anti-PTM antibodies by ELISA using the non-PTM and PTM peptides.

To specifically sort out the PTM-specific antibodies, a double affinity purification is performed. The serum is first passed through a column containing the PTM-peptide (in blue): non peptide-related antibodies are collected in the flow through (‘FT1’), and all antibodies specifically binding to the peptide are subsequently eluted (‘Peak 1’).

The ‘Peak 1’ sample is then passed through a column containing the non-PTM peptide. The PTM-specific antibodies are collected in the flow through (‘FT2’), while the peptide-specific antibodies, but not PTM-specific (in yellow), are eluted (‘Peak 2’).

This double purification step will allow obtaining polyclonal antibodies specific to the PTM.

ELISA testing of the purified pAb (FT2 and Peak2) against the non-PTM and PTM peptides

Both FT2 and Peak2 are delivered to the customer

PTM program overview

Start a program


Speedy Anti-PTM* Classical Anti-PTM*

Eurogentec designs and synthesises two peptides : one modified with the PTM and one unmodified

Eurogentec designs and synthesises two peptides : one modified with the PTM and one unmodified

Peptide synthesis 1 unmodified peptide 1 unmodified peptide
   >70% purity >70% purity
   10-13 aa 10-13 aa
   15-20 mg 15-20 mg
1 modified peptide (PTM) 1 modified peptide (PTM)
>70% purity >70% purity
10-13 aa 10-13 aa
15-20 mg 15-20 mg
Coupling to carrierb 5 mg of modified peptide 5 mg of modified peptide
  Coupled to Coupled to
   or MAP carrier or MAP carrier
Available hosts (Number of host immunized animals) Rabbit (2) Rabbit (2)
Rat (6) Rat (6)
Guinea-pig (6) Guinea-pig (6)
ELISA Guaranteec (O) (O)
Affinity purification Double purification of 50 mL serum Double purification of 50 mL serum
Delivery Purified antibody Purified antibody
  Remaining serum Remaining serum

a.The dates of injection and bleed in these schedules may be subject to slight changes depending on the program specifications
b. Please note that the carrier choice may significantly impact the immunization result, as for example KLH is usually much more antigenic than BSA, leading to much higher Ab titers. 
c. The guarantee only applies for peptides when approved by Eurogentec
*Post Translational Modification
(O) optional

PTM-specific antibodies uses

Know more about the usage and issues of PTM-antibodies to evaluate kinases activity

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