Central to the execution phase of apoptosis are the two closely related caspase-3 and caspase-7. They share common substrate specificity and structure, but differ completely in the sequence of their respective N-terminal regions. Both caspase-3 and caspase-7 have substrate selectivity for the amino acid sequence Asp-Glu-Val-Asp (DEVD). The SensoLyte® Homogeneous AFC Capase-3/7 Assay Kit uses Ac-DEVD-AFC as the fluorogenic indicator for assaying caspase-3/7 activities. Upon caspase-3/7 cleavage, Ac-DEVD-AFC generates the AFC fluorophore which has bright blue fluorescence and can be detected at Ex/Em=380 nm/500 nm. A bi-function assay buffer in this kit is designed to lyze the cells and measure the enzyme activity at the same time. Thus, this kit can measure caspase-3/7 activity in cell culture directly in a 96-well or 384-well plate without a time-consuming cell extraction step. In case the cells are cultured in larger plates or flasks, a lysis buffer and protocol for cell lysate preparation are also conveniently included in the kit. The kit is suitable for high throughput screening of apoptosis inducers and inhibitors.
Component A: Caspase-3/7 substrate, Ex/Em=380 nm/500 nm: 270 µL
Component B: AFC, fluorescence reference standard, Ex/Em=380 nm/500 nm: 10 mM, 20 µL
Component C: Caspase-3/7 inhibitor: 5 mM, 15 µL
Component D: Assay Buffer: 30 mL
Component E: DTT: 1 M, 1 mL
Component F: 10X Lysis Buffer: 20 mL
Storage & stability
Store Components A, B, C, and E at -20°C. Protect Component A from light and moisture. Keep Components A and B away from light. For convenience, Components D and F can be stored at 4°C.